Iṣlāḥ Dhāt al-Bayn Verse | 49:9

Iṣlāḥ Dhāt al-Bayn Verse

Iṣlāḥ Dhāt al-Bayn Verse (Arabic: آية إصلاح ذات البين) is verse of the Quran 49:9:

This verse gives some instructions to protect and correct the Islamic society, guard the soul, property, and honour of Muslims and avoid violation of people's dignity.

Creating peace and reconciliation between two fighting groups of believers, fighting a rebellious group and reconciling between people based on just criteria.

Some secondary principles in jurisprudence have been deduced from this verse such as:

collective obligation of correcting relations and reconciliation between people, lack of reconciliating group's guarantee about the life and properties of the rebellious group,

the obligation of the rebellious group regarding the life and properties of the reconciliating group and the necessity of taking permission from Sharia ruler for applying force to make peace and reconciliation.

This verse was revealed during the fights between two tribes of Aws and Khazraj.

وَإِن طائِفَتانِ مِنَ المُؤمِنينَ اقتَتَلوا فَأَصلِحوا بَينَهُما ۖ فَإِن بَغَت إِحداهُما عَلَى الأُخرىٰ فَقاتِلُوا الَّتي تَبغي حَتّىٰ تَفيءَ إِلىٰ أَمرِ اللَّهِ ۚ فَإِن فاءَت فَأَصلِحوا بَينَهُما بِالعَدلِ وَأَقسِطوا ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ المُقسِطينَ

"If two groups of the faithful fight one another, make peace between them.

But if one party of them aggresses against the other, fight the one which aggresses until it returns to Allah’s ordinance.

Then, if it returns, make peace between them fairly, and do justice.

Indeed Allah loves the just."

— Quran 49:9

Occasion of Revelation

Verse of Quran 49:9 explains solutions for reconciliation between two fighting groups of believers.

About the occasion of revelation of this verse, two reports are mentioned:

al-Tabrisī considered the revelation of this verse about the two tribes of Aws and Khazraj, between whom a fight took place using shoes and palm leaves.

Some others considered the occasion of revelation of this verse about the event of Abd Allah b. Ubay and Abd Allah b. Rawāḥah:

According to this report, one day Anas b. Malik put forward this suggestion to the Prophet (s) to go visit Abd Allah b. Ubay.

The Prophet (s) rode a donkey and went to Abd Allah, when he (s) arrived near him, Abd Allah told the Prophet (s), "go away! that the smell and dust of your ride bothers me!"

This provoked the reaction of Abd Allah b. Rawāḥah al-Ansari and the support of his relatives and an intense fight occurred between the 2 groups and they fought each other using wood sticks, stone, and shoes and this verse was revealed.


Honest peace and brotherhood are considered among the requirements of faith; therefore, protecting it is considered inevitable for the protection of Islamic society.

This verse is considered among the verses which have given instructions for protection and correction of Islamic society,

protecting the souls, property and honours of people against violations of others, protection of people's freedom and guarding against disrespecting people:

1.If a fight and enmity occurs between 2 groups of believers, you need to reconcile between them,

because based on a hadith from the Prophet (s), reconciling among people is mentioned among the best actions in the community,

- so that it has been considered having a higher level than the prayer, fasting and charity.

2. If one party commits oppression and violation, you should fight them together with the oppressed until they return to peace and reconciliation and the order of God.

3. When the war ends, you should judge justly between them.

In this verse, God wants believers to feel responsible to avoid war and establish peace and reconciliation between 2 groups of believers who engage in a fight or war

or when there are grounds for their fight even if it does not lead to war, and they should consider it a collective obligation.

Establishing peace between 2 fighting groups is considered a step-by-step process,

so that first they should be advised and invited to observe the rule of God, and if it is not effective, their fight should be ended by taking an action.

At the end of the verse, God orders about reconciliation based on just criteria.

Allama Tabataba'i considered reconciliation based on justice meaning that after the war, its future side effects should not be ignored,

and divine rulings should be observed and acted upon toward anyone who has been a victim of aggression or violation of a right;

for example, one's relatives are killed, or one's property or honour is wasted and one's right should be recovered by the opposite side.

Rulings Deduced from the Verse

Some exegetes have referred to phrases in this verse and have deduced some jurisprudential secondary principles:

=> Reconciliation between fighting groups of Muslims is a collective obligation.

=> Armed fight with a rebellious group is permissible after taking primary measures of dialogue and its ineffectiveness.

=> Compensation of the bloods of rebellions and violators and their properties wasted in this way are not an obligation upon the opposite side.

=> In different steps of reconciliation through dialogue, the permission of the Sharia ruler is not necessary but in the stage of taking severe action against them, especially when it leads to bloodshed, permission of the Sharia ruler is necessary.

=> If the rebellious group sheds any blood of the reconciling group or wastes their properties, they are responsible about them.

=> In fight, since the goal is reconciliation between the 2 groups of believers, the issues of captives and spoils do not matter and after the end of the war, the captives are freed and the properties of each side are returned to them.